Session Storage in React JS with Example

In this article, we will learn how to use session storage in React JS with a page view counter app. The session storage has the following features:

  1. Persists data for only current active tab of the application.
  2. Data is reset for new tab in same window.
  3. Data is cleared when current window is closed.

We read and write data to sessionStorage through the steps below:

// Access value associated with the key
var item_value = sessionStorage.getItem("item_key");

// Assign value to a key
sessionStorage.setItem("item_key", item_value);

Note: All values in Session storage will be stored in string format, hence must be parsed to other data types if required.

We will consider the example of building the page view counter app that keeps track of each pageview by storing the value in sessionStorage and incrementing the view count in page load. The React code is placed in UseEffect() in order to trigger it at each page load.

reactpageview-output
Page View count with Session Storage
Using Session storage in React JS
Using Session storage in React JS

1. Declare React state for page view count

We will declare React state to track page view count with 0 as the initial value. Updating the count using setCount() ensures that the values are updated dynamically on screen.

const [count, setCount] = useState(0);

2. Display the view count on screen

The count is displayed on the screen by including {count} in JSX code which is returned by App component.

return (
  <div className="app">
    <div>Page View Count is:</div>
    {count}
  </div>
);

3. Initialize view count in session storage

Next, we will add useEffect() with no dependencies to trigger React code on page load. The page view count is initialized to 1 on page load. Learn more about React useEffect() from dmitripavlutin.com/react-useeffect-explanation/

useEffect(() => {
  // Initialize page views count
  var pageView = 1;

  // Update the state
  setCount(pageView);
}, []);

4. Access view count from session storage

In order for the page view counter to work, we need to introduce session storage to persist values beyond page reload.

  1. The existing value is accessed from sesstion storage with key “pageView”.
  2. If entry doesn’t exist ie pageView = null, initialize pageView variable to 1.
  3. else increment the pageView value by 1.
  4. Finally, update the session storage value for next page reload.
useEffect(() => {
  // Access initial value from session storage
  var pageView = sessionStorage.getItem("pageView");
  if (pageView == null) {
    // Initialize page views count
    pageView = 1;
  } else {
    // Increment count
    pageView = Number(pageView) + 1;
  }
  // Update session storage
  sessionStorage.setItem("pageView", pageView);
  setCount(pageView);
}, []); //No dependency to trigger in each page load

Final Solution Code

App.js

import React, { useEffect, useState } from "react";
import ReactDOM from "react-dom";

import "./styles.css";

function App() {
  // React State
  const [count, setCount] = useState(0);

  useEffect(() => {
    // Access count value from session storage
    var pageView = sessionStorage.getItem("pageView");
    if (pageView == null) {
      // Initialize page views count
      pageView = 1;
    } else {
      // Increment count
      pageView = Number(pageView) + 1;
    }
    // Update session storage
    sessionStorage.setItem("pageView", pageView);
    setCount(pageView);
  }, []); //No dependency to trigger in each page load

  return (
    <div className="app">
      <div>Page View Count is:</div>
      {count}
    </div>
  );
}

const rootElement = document.getElementById("root");
ReactDOM.render(<App />, rootElement);

styles.css

.app {
  font-family: sans-serif;
  display: flex;
  align-items: center;
  justify-content: center;
  height: 100vh;
  flex-direction: column;
  gap: 20px;
  height: 100vh;
  font-family: Cambria, Cochin, Georgia, Times, "Times New Roman", serif;
  font-size: 25px;
}