Create ReactJS Calendar with events

In this article, we will learn how to create a React JS calendar along with events that are triggered based on user actions. The following events will be included in the React JS calendar:

  1. onChange(): Event is triggered each time the user selects a date from the calendar.
  2. onClickYear(): Event is triggered every time a year is selected by the user.
  3. onClickMonth(): Event is triggered when a month is selected by the user.
React JS calendar with date selector
React JS calendar with date selector

1. Add “react-calendar” npm package to project

The first step is to add the “react-calendar” npm package to React JS project. The react-calendar package provides a Calander Component to allow users to select the year, month, and date. Learn more about the package from npmjs.com/package/react-calendar.

npm i react-calendar

// For projects configured with yarn 
yarn add react-calendar
react-calander-dependency
package.json with react-calendar dependency

2. Declare React State for the selected date and calendar text

In order to create the React JS calendar, we need to declare the following React states:

  1. selectedDate: Store the date value selected from the calendar.
  2. calendarText: Value of text displayed above calendar component.
// State for date selected by user
const [selectedDate, setSelectedDate] = useState();

// State for text above calander
const [calendarText, setCalendarText] = useState(`No Date is selected`);

3. JS function to handle onChange() event

When the user selects a date from the calendar, the onChange() event is triggered. We will declare a JS function to handle the event, where we update the selected date state and calendar text to display the date selected by the user.

// Function to update selected date and calander text
const handleDateChange = (value) => {
  setSelectedDate(value);
  setCalendarText(`The selected Date is ${value.toDateString()}`);
};

4. JS function to handle onClickYear() event

When a year is selected by the user, onClickYear() is triggered. We will update calendar text, for example when a user selects the year 2019, the text “2019 Year is selected” is displayed.

// Function to handle selected Year change
const handleYearChange = (value) => {
  const yearValue = value.getFullYear();
  setCalendarText(`${yearValue} Year  is selected`);
};

5. JS function to handle onClickMonth() event

Similar to year, when users select the month, onClickMonth() is triggered and the calendar text value is updated.

// Function to handle selected Month change
const handleMonthChange = (value) => {
  const monthValue = allMonthValues[value.getMonth()];
  setCalendarText(`${monthValue} Month  is selected`);
};

6. Include <Calendar/> to component JSX code

The calendar is displayed on the screen by including <Calendar/> in the JSX code of the App component. The calendar text is displayed above the calendar using “{calendarText}” code.

Further, props such as onClickMonth, onClickYear, onChange, and value are pass down to the Calander component.

return (
  <div className="app">
    <h2 className="calender-details">{calendarText}</h2>
    <Calendar
      onClickMonth={handleMonthChange}
      onClickYear={handleYearChange}
      onChange={handleDateChange}
      value={selectedDate}
    />
  </div>
);

Final Solution Code

App.js

import React, { useState } from "react";
import Calendar from "react-calendar";
import "react-calendar/dist/Calendar.css";
import ReactDOM from "react-dom";

import "./styles.css";

function App() {
  // Array to store month string values
  const allMonthValues = [
    "January",
    "February",
    "March",
    "April",
    "May",
    "June",
    "July",
    "August",
    "September",
    "October",
    "November",
    "December"
  ];

  // State for date selected by user
  const [selectedDate, setSelectedDate] = useState();

  // State for text above calander
  const [calendarText, setCalendarText] = useState(`No Date is selected`);

  // Function to update selected date and calander text
  const handleDateChange = (value) => {
    setSelectedDate(value);
    setCalendarText(`The selected Date is ${value.toDateString()}`);
  };

  // Function to handle selected Year change
  const handleYearChange = (value) => {
    const yearValue = value.getFullYear();
    setCalendarText(`${yearValue} Year  is selected`);
  };

  // Function to handle selected Month change
  const handleMonthChange = (value) => {
    const monthValue = allMonthValues[value.getMonth()];
    setCalendarText(`${monthValue} Month  is selected`);
  };

  return (
    <div className="app">
      <h2 className="calander-details">{calendarText}</h2>
      <Calendar
        onClickMonth={handleMonthChange}
        onClickYear={handleYearChange}
        onChange={handleDateChange}
        value={selectedDate}
      />
    </div>
  );
}

export default App;

styles.css

.app {
  display: flex;
  align-items: center;
  justify-content: center;
  flex-direction: column;
  gap: 20px;
  height: 100vh;
  font-family: Cambria, Cochin, Georgia, Times, "Times New Roman", serif;
}